Online Writing Lab

Roane State Community College

APA Citation Style

APA Style References Entries (used in most social science and business courses)

The information below comes from the updated 6th edition of APA (American Psychological Association) style guidelines. APA style dictates that authors are named last name followed by initials; the publication year goes between parentheses and is followed by a period. Titles are written in sentence-case, meaning only the first word and proper nouns in the title are capitalized.

Here are a few basic rules for listing/formatting your sources in the APA reference list:

Use this information for citing BOOKS in your reference page

Citing A Book By One Author:

Williams, J. (1994). Economics. Washington, DC: University Press.

Book With Two To Seven Authors:

Baumol, W.J., Litan, R.E., & Schramm, C.J (2005). Good capitalism, bad capitalism. Washington, DC: University Press.

Edited Book:

Bates, M. & Williams, J. (Eds). (2005). Good capitalism, bad capitalism. Washington, DC: University Press.

Work in an edited collection or reference book:

DuBois, W.E.B. (2007). Returning Soldiers. In L. Gates, Jr., & G.A. Jarrett (Eds.), The new Negro: Readings on race, representation, and African American culture, 1892 – 1938 (pp. 85 – 91). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

No author identified:

Good capitalism, bad capitalism. (2005). Washington, DC: University Press.

Edited Book with an Author or Authors:

Plath, S. (2000). The unabridged journals K.V. Kukil, (Ed.). New York, NY: Anchor.

A Translation:

Laplace, P. S. (1951). A philosophical essay on probabilities. (F. W. Truscott & F. L. Emory, Trans.). New York, NY: Dover. (Original work published 1814).

Edition Other Than the First:

Helfer, M. E., Keme, R. S., & Drugman, R. D. (1997). The battered child (5th ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.

Article or Chapter in an Edited Book:

Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher.

Multivolume Work:

Wiener, P. (Ed.). (1973). Dictionary of the history of ideas (Vols. 1-4). New York, NY: Scribner's. 

Use this information to cite PERIODICALS in your reference page

Article In A Scholarly Journal Organized By Volume:

Harlow, H. F. (1983). Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

Article in a scholarly journal organized by issue:

Scruton, R. (1996). The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15(30), 5-13.

Magazine article:

Henry, W. A., III. (1990, April 9). Making the grade in today's schools. Time, 135, 28-31.

Note: Include the year and exact publication date in the parentheses. Do not abbreviate months. Magazine titles get italicized.

Newspaper article:

Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp. 1A, 2A.

Letter to Editor, Review, Editorial:

Moller,G. (2002, August). Ripples versus rumbles [Letter to the editor]. Scientific American, 287(2), 12.

Angell, M. (2009, January 15). Drug companies and doctors: A story of corruption [Review of the book Shyness: How normal behavior became a sickness, by C. Lane]. The New York Review of Books, 56(1),12.