Online Writing Lab

Roane State Community College

APA In-text Citations

Key features:

Here are some examples of APA in-text citations

Author named in your sentence:

Jones (2004) performed a detailed study on children’s eating habits.

Author cited in parentheses:

The study (Jones, 2004) examined children’s eating habits.

Author and year listed in the sentence:

In 2004, Jones performed a detailed study on children’s eating habits.

Specific citations of pages or chapters:

The study (Jones, 2004) found that “children tend to prefer grazing over set meal times” (p. 68).

The idea that “children tend to prefer grazing over set meal times” was documented in the study (Jones, 2004, p. 68).

Source with two authors:

As Calhoun and Keller (1997) point out, “Income –based rankings are not the only measure of development” (p. 400).

Although income-based rankings are important, the “are not the only measure of development” (Calhoun & Keller, 1997, p. 400).

Three to five authors:

The first time you mention the source, include it in your sentence and list all authors.

As Calhoun, Keller, and Litner point out, “Income –based rankings are not the only measure of development” (p. 400).

The next time you reference the source, name only the first author, followed by “et al.” in place of the other names.

Although income-based rankings are important, the “are not the only measure of development” (Calhoun et al., 1997, p. 400).